One Million Homes | Environment Victoria

Donate Now

One Million Homes

Our vision

Imagine a Victoria where electricity price rises didn't cause a ripple because all Victorians - homeowners and renters alike - lived in energy-efficient homes, even making their own electricity from the sun.

Where homes were more comfortable to live in - warmer in winter and cooler in summer - and vulnerable Victorians were shielded from the health impacts of extreme weather events like heatwaves.

Where thousands of Victorians were employed in a thriving energy efficiency industry, manufacturing, selling and installing efficiency measures like insulation, efficient lighting and draught-sealing in our homes.

And where smart energy and water use in our homes was helping us cut greenhouse emissions, fight climate change and save water for our rivers.

That's the One Million Homes vision for Victoria. The One Million Homes Plan calls for the roll-out of a comprehensive home retrofit program, with a focus on Victoria's one million low-income households, to upgrade our housing stock to an average 5 star and 100 litre/person/day performance standard by 2025.

The plan could be implemented through a mix of targeted assistance for home-owners in the lowest income bracket, as well as policy measures and financial incentives to assist all other home-owners and landlords invest in improvements.

It’s practical, cost-effective and could be funded by the estimated $2.5 billion the government stands to save over the next 20 years from its energy concessions budget.

So what are we waiting for?

Retrofitting 1 million Victorian homes would deliver emission reductions of over 2 million tonnes annually, water savings of 32 billion litres annually, energy bill savings of $300-$600 annually per household and create up to 6,700 new trades and manufacturing jobs. And it would save the State Government $2.5 billion over 20 years in energy concession payments.

Why does it matter?

Every time we experience a record-breaking heatwave like ones in 2009 and 2014 or a severe cold snap, the costs mount up. Electricity and water use soars, as do our household bills and our greenhouse emissions. The electricity grid struggles to cope with the spike in demand, threatening blackouts and fuelling high prices.
And tragically, hundreds of Victorians lose their lives, making extreme weather events (particularly heatwaves) responsible for more deaths each year than any other natural disaster.
But there’s nothing inevitable or unavoidable about many of these impacts – a large chunk of which can be blamed on the ineffectiveness of our responses and in particular the poor quality of our housing. 

Thermal imaging showing cold air leaking in around draughty doors and windows. Image courtesy of Efficiency Matrix at

Too many of us live in homes that use too much energy to stay comfortable, generating millions of tonnes of greenhouse emissions every year and costing us money in unnecessary power bills. For many Victorians that cost is simply unaffordable, consequently costing the Government millions more in energy concessions.
Raising the efficiency of a home from 2 to 5 stars could save a household up to $600 a year on their energy bills. But low-income households - those who need the savings the most - are missing out because they can't afford the up-front costs, and/or because they rent.
Energy efficiency is also one of the cheapest and fastest ways to cut our greenhouse emissions, and is a premium area for employment growth.

Show me some stats

  • The average star rating of pre-2005 homes is 2 stars or less.
  • The average Victorian household spends around $2,800 on their energy bills every year 
  • Around 60 percent of the energy used in the average household goes on space heating and cooling
  • Melbourne electricity prices rose by 84 percent between 2008 and 2012 
  • Raising performance from 2 to 5 stars can cut overall household energy consumption by more than 30 percent
  • The residential sector contributes nearly 20 percent of Victoria’s total greenhouse emissions each year
  • Victoria’s 1 million low income households are typically most vulnerable to energy hardship (going without other essential items to pay bills) but generally can’t afford the up-front cost of energy-saving measures 
  • Around 1.9 million homes (or 86 percent) of homes in Victoria were built before 2005 when the 5-star standard was introduced. 
  • Energy efficiency is the cheapest and fastest way to cut our greenhouse emissions
  • Most older homes will see a significant improvement in performance through spending less than $5000
Retrofitting 1 million Victorian homes would deliver emission reductions of over 2 million tonnes annually, water savings of 32 billion litres annually, energy bill savings of $300-$600 annually per household and create up to 6,700 new trades and manufacturing jobs. And it would save the State Government $2.5 billion over 20 years in energy concession payments.

This is what a 1-Star home looks like


A 0- to 2-Star home is hot when it’s hot outside and cold when it’s cold outside.

There’s a lot of air transfer through draughts and gaps; not much effective insulation in the roof, walls or floor; and heat radiates straight in or straight out through windows.
And when you consider that heating and cooling accounts for about half of total energy use in the average Victorian household, that’s potentially quite a lot of money ‘blowing in the wind’.


How do you increase the star rating of a home?

From 2005 new homes and extensions have been required to be built to a minimum 5-Star standard and this has since been increased to 6-Star.
But 1.9 million of Victoria’s 2.2 million homes were built before 2005, at a time when water conservation, energy efficiency and energy prices were a long way from builders’ and residents’ minds.

While every house is different, most pre-2005 homes will see a significant improvement in performance from spending less than $5000 on basic measures such as: 

·         Quality weather sealing and draught sealing
·         Roof insulation to R-value 3.9
·         Internal window coverings (thick blinds or curtains) and pelmets
·         External window shading on west and north walls
·         Energy efficient lighting
·         Low-flow shower heads (which not only save water, but reduce energy use for hot water
Check out some real life examples of household retrofits in Rosanna, Geelong, Coburg, West Heidelberg, and Ballarat.

What needs to happen now?

Victoria already has a minimum 6-Star standard in place for all new homes and renovations. So the next big task is to bring the rest of Victoria’s homes up to scratch and into the 21st century. Increasing the efficiency of these older homes is a big project, and the State government needs to take a lead in making it happen.
The One Million Homes Alliance is calling on the government to commit to progressively improving the standard of all of Victoria’s pre-2005 homes over 10 years, with a focus on low-income households. 
We can get this done most cost-effectively with a combination of government investment in retrofits for the most disadvantaged households, and a range of policy measures that create real incentives for home-owners and landlords to upgrade their properties.
  1. A coordinated and funded comprehensive retrofit program for Victoria’s 1 million concession card-holding households by 2025. The program would fund a house visit and energy audit; installation of a suite of retrofit measures to complement what is already there; and delivery by trusted organisations with the skills and experience to ensure safety and efficacy.
  2. Introduce minimum performance standards for energy and water efficiency for residential properties at the point of sale or lease by July 2016. This regulatory measure will deliver improvements beyond low-income homes and can be delivered in tandem with expanded rebate programs such as the VEET, reintroduction of solar water heating rebates and rebates for water-efficient products.
  3. Set a goal of achieving zero net carbon and water efficient new buildings by 2020, making new buildings climate safe and water smart. A cross-sector taskforce should be established by mid-2015 to define standards and develop pathways towards achieving this goal. As an interim measure, standards for new homes should be increased to 8 stars by 2015, including the installation of solar hot water or a water tank.
  4. Set a target for 30 percent of Victorian homes to have solar water heating or heat pump water heaters by 2024. In 2011 only around 5 percent of Victorian households had solar water heating despite it being the most efficient form of water heating for most homes. While new home building regulations provide a stable demand for solar water heating, stop-start state and federal rebates have damaged the replacement market. This uncertainty is hurting jobs growth and missing emission reduction opportunities.
Read our report Liveable Homes, Liveable Future for more information about these policy options.

What will it cost and how would it be funded?

While every house is different, most pre-2005 homes will see a significant improvement in performance from spending less than $5000 on basic measures such as draught-sealing, insulation, window treatments and water-efficient fittings.

A 10-year comprehensive retrofit program targeting low-income households would start with a pilot of 5,000-10,000 homes in the first year, increasing to 100,000 homes in later years as the lessons learnt from the pilot were scaled up into full program delivery.

The program could be funded through a combination of direct assistance for lowest income home-owners, and a mix of financial incentives (such as rebates and low-interest loans), market-based schemes such as the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target (VEET) and policy measures such as minimum standards to encourage and assist the rest of Victoria's home-owners and landlords to invest in upgrades.

Most of the cost to government in rolling out this program would be covered by an estimated $2.5 billion the Victorian government stands to save in the energy concession payments it makes to households who are struggling to pay their bills.

And we know from our research and industry experience that most home owners can pay off their investment in retrofit improvements within 7-10 years just through the savings they make on their electricity bills.

And once the initial investment - by government or private householder - is paid off, the savings still keep coming. So it's a win-win situation for everyone.

Read our 2013 One Million Homes industry roundtable report here

Read our 2.5 billion reasons to invest in efficiency report here

The One Million Homes Alliance

We’ve formed an alliance with other groups to make sure our voice is heard load and clear.

The Alliance comprises consumer, social, and environment organisations including Victorian Council of Social Service, Consumer Utilities Advocacy Centre, Moreland Energy Foundation, Alternative Technology Association, Kildonan Uniting Care, Victorian Local Government Association and Energy for the People.

The Alliance is working to show the State government that Victorians support energy and water efficiency, and that it needs to deliver a proper plan of action.


Hop here to see who's involved

Convinced? Click here to take action

And here are some other ways to support the campaign


Dig deeper - One Million Homes Resources

2013-14 State Budget Submission - One Million Homes

2012-13 State Budget Submission - One Million Homes

Energy Saver Incentive Review - Environment Victoria

One Million Homes: A 2010 Energy and Water Efficiency Campaign

2.5 Billion reasons to invest in efficiency


Environment Victoria pushes for grants to help low income earners make their homes more energy efficient
2 September 2014

Environment, social sector slam VEET decision
22 May 2014

Media release: Cutting efficiency won’t cut energy costs
21 May 2014

Token efforts in managing heatwaves
11 February 2014

Vic Government could save $ 2.5 billion in heating bills
5 May 2014

Environment Victoria welcomes continuation of the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target


19 December 2014


Environment Victoria today welcomed the announcement by Energy Minister Lily D’Ambrosio that the Andrews Government will retain the Victorian...


Embarrassing retreat on VEET for Napthine Government

17 October 2014

Environment Victoria today said the successful Victorian Energy Efficiency Target (VEET) scheme and 2000 workers in the energy savings sector have had a stay of execution with the Napthine Government failing...


Rising energy retailer complaints require action

16 October 2014

The rising rate of utilities disconnections and complaints revealed by the Energy and Water Ombudsman Victoria must prompt government action to address the underlying causes of energy hardship, warns the One...


Social, environment sector welcome State Opposition support for VEET

8 August 2014

Victoria’s peak social justice and environmental organisations have welcomed the State Opposition’s statements in Parliament yesterday in support of the Victorian Energy Efficiency...


'Leaky homes' paying the price

20 December 2013
Castlemaine Mail



Poorly insulated homes costing Melburnians money

21 Novemberr 2013
Troels Sommerville, Moorabbin Glen Eira Leader
DRAFTY houses and lack of insulation are costing families across Victoria big power bills, according to a...

Australian cleantech industry nears $30bn – bigger than car making

18 March 2013
Giles Parkinson, Renew Economy

The Australian cleantech sector boasts revenue of $29 billion a year and employs 53,000 people, making it larger than...


Energy efficiency 'means savings'

Monday, 10 September 2012
Climate Spectator

A new report, “2.5 billion reasons to invest in...


Vic premier says six-star rating will stay

Tuesday, 17 April 2012
9 News 

Victorian Premier Ted Baillieu says the government has no plans to dump six-star energy rules for new homes.

The six-star energy efficiency standard has been a state...


Throwing out building standards would damage environment and hurt household budgets

Monday, 16 April 2012

Environment Victoria has warned the Baillieu Government today that abandoning its pre-election commitment on building standards for new homes and renovations...


From Twitter Twitter


Missed opportunities on Direct Action

posted by nicholas.aberle on Thursday, 30 October, 2014 - 00:00

Last night the Abbott government announced that it had reached a deal with Clive Palmer to legislate its ‘direct action’ policy. So four months after the repeal of the carbon price, it looks like we’ll again have a climate policy. The question is: is it any good?



VEET granted a stay of execution

posted by Mark on Thursday, 23 October, 2014 - 11:48

If you had a program that was reducing household energy costs, cutting greenhouse emissions and creating jobs, you’d think any government would be keen to keep it, right?

Wrong. The Napthine government announced in May 2014 that it would wind up the successful Victorian Energy...


Introducing our new Campaigns Director, Alex White

posted by markwakeham on Monday, 1 September, 2014 - 18:24

Our new Campaigns Director, Alex White, starts today. Here's what he has to say about why he came to Environment Victoria.

Back in 2012, I spent three months working on the Obama campaign in Boston and New Hampshire. The locals, as well as being bemused by my hard-to-understand...


100 Days countdown: The hot environment issues this election.

posted by Mark on Thursday, 21 August, 2014 - 18:04

On 29 November Victorians will head to the polls to cast judgement on the Napthine Government. With just 100 days to go until polling day Environment Victoria CEO Mark Wakeham takes a looks at the hot environment issues this state election.

The Baillieu-led Coalition took office in...


Victorian govt failing workers in traditional and emerging industries

posted by Mark on Tuesday, 5 August, 2014 - 17:31

Last Friday the pot lines at Alcoa’s Point Henry aluminium smelter near Geelong were switched off. In coming months up to 800 workers will be seeking new employment. On Wednesday the owners of the Energy Brix power station and briquette factory near Morwell, built in 1949, announced that...

© 2015 Environment Victoria