Blog | 5th Oct, 2017

Meet Melbourne's night time gardeners

Many native plants rely on threatened flying foxes for their survival. But our outdated and ineffective laws mean these furry critters aren’t getting the protection they need.

This article is from Issue 28 of Environment Victoria News. You can read the full version and download it here >>

Header image: Doug Gimesy

Maybe you’ve heard them squeaking from a suburban gum tree late at night, or maybe you’ve glanced up at sunset and seen them dotting the skyline, heading out to feed on nectar, blossoms and fruit.

Every night, Melbourne’s grey-headed flying foxes head out from the safety of Yarra Bend Park, where they spend the day suspended upside-down, napping and socialising. If you take a trip to the Bellbird picnic area you’ll be treated to a spectacle, a great flapping cacophony of life. Yet appearances can be deceiving.


Flying foxes dot the Melbourne skyline as they head out to feed each evening.

Their population is a fraction of what it once was, and grey-headed flying foxes are now a threatened species.

Huge numbers have been shot by fruit farmers (despite the existence of affordable and humane alternatives) and their habitat is still being destroyed, especially in in New South Wales and Queensland. They also face new threats in their travels through our expanding city, where they become entangled in power lines, barbed wire and netting on backyard fruit trees.

Among all these threats, the bushland at Yarra Bend provides a crucial safe haven. But our outdated and ineffective laws mean these furry critters aren’t getting the protection they need.

Flying foxes play an important role in pollinating gum trees and spreading native seeds.

Back in 2003, flying foxes were listed as a threatened species under Victoria’s Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act (1988), but fourteen years later, there is still no action plan for their protection. Sadly this is not an uncommon story. Action statements on how a species will be brought back from decline are supposed to be a requirement under the FFG Act, but less than half of the plants and animals listed have plans. Some of those are decades old but haven’t been implemented.

While the destruction of any plant or animal species is a tragedy, the extinction of grey-headed flying foxes would have far-reaching impacts.

Many plants rely on flying foxes for their survival. In a single night, a flying fox can travel up to 100 kilometres, pollinating trees and spreading seeds as it goes. A single flying fox can disperse up to 60,000 seeds in one night! This is a creature we simply must protect.

The Andrews government is reviewing the FFG Act, so now is the time to speak up. We need laws that do what they say on the label, actually guaranteeing the survival of threatened plants and animals.

Click here to take action, or use the hashtag #ActOnExtinction on Twitter and we’ll share your tweet. Let’s hope that the next time you hear the tell-tale squeak and rustling of a grey-headed flying fox doing its rounds, you can smile, knowing it has the protection it needs.

Together we can make sure that these intelligent, charismatic animals continue pollinating trees, spreading seeds and helping our native bush to flourish.


Credit: Greg McLachlan

This flying fox has become trapped in unsafe backyard fruit netting. It was later rescued by volunteers, but not all bats are as lucky. If you choose to net fruit trees, please use wildlife-safe netting. Flying foxes are easily tangled in netting with holes larger than 5mm x 5mm and it is the leading cause of death and injury for flying foxes in urban areas.

Act on extinction

Australia is facing an extinction crisis. We already have the worst extinction rate in the world for mammals, and other groups of animals are not far behind. Help strengthen the laws that protect Victoria's vulnerable animals and plants.